Joan Miro was born in Barcelona in 1893. His father is a jeweler and his mother the daughter of a cabinetmaker. Joan began to paint very young, at the age of eight. He first began studying business in 1907 but that turns out to be a failure. So he abandoned his studies to join the School of Fine Arts of La Llotja.
At seventeen, Joan Miro becomes a clerk in a store until 1911 when he contracted typhus. For his health, he was forced to move to a family farm. It was at that moment he realized his attachment to the Catalan land where he regularly returns throughout his life. When he recovered, he joined the Barcelona School of Art in order to perfect his talent and become a painter. He then attended The Académie du Cercle Saint-Luc until 1918. He discovers modern art during a visit to the Dalmau gallery in Barcelona.
In 1919, he goes to Paris for the first time and joins, after experiencing Cubism and Fauvism, Surrealism. He feels comfortable with quirky humor and taste of the imagination of this current. Meanwhile, Miro lives an identity crisis. The exterior doesn’t inspire him anymore and he must question his art. He manages to solve his problems through artistic surrealism and relying on spontaneity in his painting and sculpture. The unconscious and the world of dreams are now the fertile soil in which Miro draws his paintings.
In 1925, he presented at an exhibition Carnival of Harlequin, purely surrealist work, and will now be known worldwide. When the surrealist movement takes too many political positions, Miro gets out of the group and dedicates to collage, lithography and sculpture.
During the Spanish Civil War, Miró moves to Paris where he returns to a more realistic painting. When German troops arrive in France, Joan returns to Spain and finds his definitive style. He is henceforth recognized as a great Catalan artist.
At the end of his life, he devotes himself to monumental sculptures covered with ceramic. Joan Miro dies on Christmas Day in 1983.
“The more ignoble I find life. On n'est pas réceptif aux mêmes choses , on n'éprouve pas les mêmes émotions.”
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