Salvador Dali was born in Figueras, Spain, in 1904. A few months before his birth, his older brother with the same name died. Always obsessed by his double being dead, Salvador decides very young that he wants to show the world his unique personality. With a strong character and a penchant for the imaginary world, Salvador naturally turns very young to painting.
He discovers painting during a visit to his family, with the impressionist painter Pinchot, in 1916. On his advice, Dali begins taking painting classes at the municipal school of engraving. Dali exhibits since the age of 14 his paintings whose impressionist influence is felt until 1919.
After graduation, Dali begins studies at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando. There, he stands out for his eccentric character and colored paintings of Cubism and Futurism. He befriended the filmmaker Bunuel. He was expelled from the Academy in 1926 for his behavior and his refusal to be assessed by teachers he considered mediocre.
In 1927, Dali goes for the first time to the French capital. There, he meets Picasso, who he deeply admires. He goes to Paris again for the filming of Un Chien Andalou, of Bunuel, of which he is the co-writer, in 1929. On this trip, Joan Miro will introduce Salvador to the Surrealist group. There, Dali will meet his future wife Gala and André Breton. Dali becomes interested in Freud’s psychoanalytical techniques and creates his "paranoiac-critical" technique. He paints, during this period, his most masterly paintings, populated with dreamlike and fantastical elements, full of symbolism, in the image of his Montres molles. He will then leave the surrealist movement in 1934.
After the Spanish Civil War, Dali is politically committed and says he wants to return to a more realistic painting while keeping his originality. His themes are war, women and sex.
Dali will continue to make public noteworthy appearances and, after ten years of work, he opens his own museum in 1974. His latest researches lead him to make paintings of stereoscopic style in 1975. Dali dies in Barcelona in 1989.
“Intelligence without ambition is a bird without wings.”
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